CWNP CWNA-107 Certification Exam Syllabus

CWNA-107 Syllabus, Wi-Fi Admin Exam Questions PDF, CWNP CWNA-107 Dumps Free, Wi-Fi Admin PDF, CWNA-107 Dumps, CWNA-107 PDF, Wi-Fi Admin VCE, CWNA-107 Questions PDF, CWNP Wi-Fi Admin Questions PDF, CWNP CWNA-107 VCEA great way to start the CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA) preparation is to begin by properly appreciating the role that syllabus and study guide play in the CWNP CWNA-107 certification exam. This study guide is an instrument to get you on the same page with CWNP and understand the nature of the CWNP Wi-Fi Admin exam.

Our team of experts has composed this CWNP CWNA-107 exam preparation guide to provide the overview about CWNP Wireless Network Administrator exam, study material, sample questions, practice exam and ways to interpret the exam objectives to help you assess your readiness for the CWNP CWNA exam by identifying prerequisite areas of knowledge. We recommend you to refer the simulation questions and practice test listed in this guide to determine what type of questions will be asked and the level of difficulty that could be tested in the CWNP Wi-Fi Admin certification exam.

CWNP CWNA-107 Exam Overview:

Exam Name
Wireless Network Administrator
Exam Number CWNA-107 CWNA
Exam Price $200 USD
Duration 90 minutes
Number of Questions 60
Passing Score 70
Recommended Training Official CWNA Certification Self Study Kit
Wi-Fi Administration eLearning
Live Training Wireless Network Certification Class
Exam Registration PEARSON VUE
Sample Questions CWNP CWNA-107 Sample Questions
Practice Exam CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator Practice Test

CWNP CWNA-107 Exam Topics:

Section Objectives
Radio Frequency (RF) Technologies – 15%
Define and explain the basic characteristics of RF and RF behavior - Wavelength, frequency, amplitude, phase, sine waves
- RF propagation and coverage
- Reflection, refraction, diffraction and scattering
- Multipath and RF interference
- Gain and loss
- Amplification
- Attenuation
- Absorption
- Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
- Return Loss
- Free Space Path Loss (FSPL)
- Delay Spread
- Modulation (ASK and PSK)
Apply the basic concepts of RF mathematics and measurement - Watt and milliwatt
- Decibel (dB)
- dBm, dBd and dBi
- Noise floor
- SNR and SINR
- RSSI
- Signal metric conversions
- System Operating Margin (SOM), fade margin and link budget calculations
- Intentional Radiator compared with Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP)
Identify RF signal characteristics as they relate to antennas - RF and physical line of sight and Fresnel zone clearance
- Beamwidths
- Azimuth and Elevation charts
- Passive gain vs. active gain
- Isotropic radiator
- Polarization
- Antenna diversity types
- Radio chains
- Spatial multiplexing (SM)
- Transmit Beam Forming (TxBF)
- Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC)
- MIMO and MU-MIMO
Explain and apply the functionality of RF antennas and antenna systems and the mounting options and antenna accessories available - Omni-directional antennas
- Semi-directional antennas
- Highly directional antennas
- Sectorized antennas and antenna arrays
-- Reading antenna charts for different antenna types
- Pole/mast mount
- Ceiling mount
- Wall mount
- Indoor vs. outdoor mounting
- RF cables, connectors and splitters
- Amplifiers and attenuators
- Lightning arrestors and grounding rods/wires
- Towers, safety equipment and related concerns
WLAN Regulations and Standards – 10%
Explain the roles of WLAN and networking industry organizations - IEEE
- Wi-Fi Alliance
- IETF
- Regulatory domains and agencies
Explain the IEEE standard creation process including working groups, naming conventions, drafts and ratification  
Explain and apply the various Physical Layer (PHY) solutions of the IEEE 802.11-2016 standard as amended including supported channel widths, spatial streams, data rates and supported modulation types - DSSS – 802.11
- HR-DSSS – 802.11b
- OFDM – 802.11a
- ERP – 802.11g
- HT – 802.11n
- DMG – 802.11ad
- VHT – 802.11ac
- TVHT – 802.11af
- S1G – 802.11ah
Identify and apply 802.11 WLAN functional concepts - Modulation and coding
- Co-location interference
- Channel centers and widths (all PHYs)
- Primary channels
- Adjacent overlapping and non-overlapping channels
- Throughput vs. data rate
- Bandwidth
- Communication resilience
Describe the OSI model layers affected by the 802.11-2016 standard and amendments  
Define the frequency bands used by the 802.11 PHYs  
Identify and comply with regulatory domain requirements and explain how to determine constraints within a regulatory domain - Available channels
- Output power constraints
- Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
- Transmit Power Control (TPC)
Explain basic use case scenarios for 802.11 wireless networks - Wireless LAN (WLAN) – BSS and ESS
- Wireless PAN (WPAN)
- Wireless bridging
- Wireless Ad-Hoc (IBSS)
- Wireless Mesh (MBSS)
WLAN Protocols and Devices – 20%
Describe the components that make up an 802.11 wireless service set - Stations (STAs)
- Basic Service Set (BSS)
- Basic Service Area (BSA)
- SSID
- BSSID
- Extended Service Set (ESS)
- Ad Hoc mode and IBSS
- Infrastructure mode
- Distribution System (DS)
- Distribution System Media (DSM)
- Roaming (Layer 1 and Layer 2)
Identify and explain the basic frame types defined in the 802.11-2016 standard - General frame format
- MAC addressing
- Beacon frame
- Association frames
- Authentication frames
- Data frames
- Acknowledgement (ACK) frames
- Block ACK frames
Explain the process used to locate and connect to a WLAN - Scanning (active and passive)
- Authentication
- Association
- Open System Authentication and Shared Key authentication
- 802.1X/EAP and Pre-Shared Key authentication
- BSS selectio
Define terminology related to the 802.11 MAC and PHY - MSDU, MPDU, PSDU and PPDU
- A-MSDU and A-MPDU
- Guard Interval
- Interframe spaces
- Fragmentation
- PHY preamble
Explain 802.11 channel access methods - DCF
- EDCA
- RTS/CTS
- CTS-to-Self
- NAV
- Physical carrier sense and virtual carrier sense
- Channel width operations
- HT Operation Modes
- VHT Operating Mode field
- HT and VHT protection mechanisms
- Power save modes
Describe features of, select and install WLAN infrastructure devices - Autonomous Access Points (APs)
- Controller-based APs
- Cloud-based APs
- Distributed APs
- Management systems
- Mesh APs and routers
- WLAN controllers
- Remote office controllers and/or APs
- PoE injectors and PoE-enabled Ethernet switches
- WLAN bridges
- Home WLAN routers
Identify the features, purpose, and use of the following WLAN client devices and adapters - USB adapters
- PCI, Mini-PCI, Mini-PCIe and Half Mini-PCIe cards
- Laptops, tablets and mobile phones
- 802.11 VoIP handsets
- Specialty devices (handheld scanners, push-to-talk, IoT)
- Configure Windows, Linux, Chrome OS, and macOS clients
WLAN Network Architecture – 20%
Identify technology roles for which WLAN solutions are appropriate and describe the typical use of WLAN solutions in those roles - Corporate data access and end-user mobility
- Enterprise network extension
- WLAN bridging
- Last-mile data delivery – Wireless ISP
- Small Office/Home Office (SOHO) use
- Mobile offices
- Educational/classroom use
- Industrial
- Healthcare
- Hotspots
- Hospitality
- Conference/convention/arena/stadium and large high density deployments
- Transportation networks (trains, planes, automobiles)
- Law enforcement networks
Describe and implement Power over Ethernet (PoE) - IEEE 802.3-2012, Clause 33, including 802.3af-2003 and 802.3at-2009
- Power Source Equipment
- Powered Device
- Midspan and endpoint PSEs
- Power levels
- Power budgets and powered port density
Define and describe controller-based, distributed, cloud-based, and controller-less WLAN architectures - Core, Distribution and Access layer forwarding
- Centralized data forwarding
- Distributed data forwarding
- Control, Management and Data planes
- Scalability and availability solutions
- Intra- and Inter-controller STA roaming handoffs (OKC and FT)
- Advantages and limitations of each technology
- Tunneling, QoS and VLANs
Define and describe a multiple channel architecture (MCA) network model and contrast it with a single channel architecture (SCA) model - BSSID and ESS configuration
- Channel selection
- AP placement
- Co-channel and adjacent channel interference
- Cell sizing (output power, antenna selection)
Match WLAN deployment requirements commonly specified to technology solutions - Data
- Voice
- Video
- Real-Time Location Services (RTLS)
- Mobile devices (tablets and smartphones)
- High density
- AirTime Fairness
- Band steering
- HotSpot 2.0/Passpoint certification
- Radio Resource Management (RRM) and Adaptive Radio Management (ARM)
- BYOD
- Guest access
- Mobile device management (MDM)
- Network Access Control (NAC)
Determine and document required network services supporting the WLAN - DHCP
- DNS
- NTP
- VLANs
- RADIUS
- Access Control Lists
- Wired network capacity requirements
- Cable lengths
- Cable types
WLAN Network Security – 10%
Identify weak security options that should not be used in enterprise WLANs - WEP
- Shared Key authentication
- SSID hiding
- MAC filtering
- Improper use of WPA (TKIP/RC4)
- Open System authentication alone, with the exception of intentional public networks
- Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS)
Identify and configure effective security mechanisms for enterprise WLANs - WPA2 (CCMP/AES)
- WPA2-Personal
- WPA2-Enterprise
- 802.1X/EAP framework
- RADIUS servers
- EAP methods
- Effective pre-shared key (PSK) and passphrase usage
- Per-User PSK (PPSK)
Describe and select common security enhancements and tools used in WLANs - Captive portals
- BYOD and guest networks
- Protected management frames
- Fast Secure Roaming methods
- Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS)
- Protocol and spectrum analyzers
Explain and use secure management protocols - HTTPS
- SNMPv3
- SSH2
- VPN
RF Validation – 10%
Explain the importance of and the process of a post-implementation validation survey - Verify design requirements
  1. Coverage
  2. Capacity
  3. Throughput
  4. Roaming
  5. Delay
  6. Jitter
  7. Connectivity
  8. Aesthetics

- Document actual WLAN implementation results

Locate and identify sources of RF interference - WLAN devices
  1. Co-Channel Interference (CCI)
  2. Adjacent Channel Interference (ACI)

- Non-Wi-Fi devices

  1. Airtime utilization
  2. Frequencies used

- Interference solutions
- Spectrum analysis

Perform application testing to validate WLAN performance - Network and service availability
- VoIP testing
- Real-time application testing
- Throughput testing
- Load testing
Understand and use the basic features of validation tools - Throughput testers (iPerf, TamoSoft Throughput Tester, etc.)
- Wireless design software (Ekahau Site Survey, iBwave Wi-Fi, AirMagnet Survey Pro, TamoSoft Survey, Aruba RFPLan)
- Protocol analyzers
- Spectrum analyzers
WLAN Troubleshooting – 15%
Define and apply industry and vendor recommended troubleshooting processes to resolve common 802.11 wireless networking problems - Identify the problem
- Discover the scale of the problem
- Define possible causes
- Narrow to the most likely cause
- Create a plan of action or escalate the problem
- Perform corrective actions
- Verify the solution
- Document the results
Describe and apply common troubleshooting tools used in WLANs - Protocol analyzer
- Spectrum analyzer
- Centralized management consoles
- WLAN monitoring solutions
Identify and explain how to solve the following WLAN implementation challenges using features available in enterprise class WLAN equipment and troubleshooting tools - System throughput
- CCI and ACI
- RF noise and noise floor
- RF interference
- Hidden nodes
- Insufficient PoE power
- Lack of coverage
Troubleshoot common connectivity problems in WLANs (both WLAN connectivity and network connectivity for wireless clients) - No signal or weak signal
- Security configuration mismatch
- Improper AP configuration
- Improper client configuration
- Faulty drivers/firmware
- Hardware failure
- DHCP issues
- Captive portal issues

CWNP CWNA Exam Description:

The CWNA certification is a foundational level wireless LAN certification for the CWNP Program. To earn a CWNA certification, you must take the CWNA exam at a Pearson Vue Testing Center and pass with a 70% or higher. Instructors must pass with a 80% or higher. However you choose to prepare for the CWNA exam, you should start with the exam objectives, which cover the full list of skills tested on the exam.

Rating: 4.9 / 5 (50 votes)