CWNP CWNA-109 Certification Exam Syllabus

CWNA-109 Syllabus, Wi-Fi Admin Exam Questions PDF, CWNP CWNA-109 Dumps Free, Wi-Fi Admin PDF, CWNA-109 Dumps, CWNA-109 PDF, Wi-Fi Admin VCE, CWNA-109 Questions PDF, CWNP Wi-Fi Admin Questions PDF, CWNP CWNA-109 VCEA great way to start the CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA) preparation is to begin by properly appreciating the role that syllabus and study guide play in the CWNP CWNA-109 certification exam. This study guide is an instrument to get you on the same page with CWNP and understand the nature of the CWNP Wi-Fi Admin exam.

Our team of experts has composed this CWNP CWNA-109 exam preparation guide to provide the overview about CWNP Wireless Network Administrator exam, study material, sample questions, practice exam and ways to interpret the exam objectives to help you assess your readiness for the CWNP CWNA exam by identifying prerequisite areas of knowledge. We recommend you to refer the simulation questions and practice test listed in this guide to determine what type of questions will be asked and the level of difficulty that could be tested in the CWNP Wi-Fi Admin certification exam.

CWNP CWNA-109 Exam Overview:

Exam Name
Wireless Network Administrator
Exam Number CWNA-109 CWNA
Exam Price $275 USD
Duration 90 minutes
Number of Questions 60
Passing Score 70%
Recommended Training CWNA Certification Self Study Kit
Live Training Wireless Network Certification Class
Exam Registration PEARSON VUE
Sample Questions CWNP CWNA-109 Sample Questions
Practice Exam CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator Practice Test

CWNP CWNA-109 Exam Topics:

Section Objectives

Radio Frequency (RF) Technologies - 15%

Define and explain the basic characteristics and behavior of RF - Wavelength, frequency, amplitude, phase, sine waves
- RF propagation and coverage
- Reflection, refraction, diffraction, and scattering
- Multipath and RF interference
- Gain and loss
- Amplification
- Attenuation
- Absorption
- Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
- Return Loss
- Free Space Path Loss (FSPL)
Apply the basic concepts of RF mathematics and measurement - Watt and milliWatt
- Decibel (dB)
- dBm and dBi
- Noise floor
- dBm to mW conversion rules of 10 and 3
- Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power (EIRP)
Identify RF signal characteristics as they relate to antennas - RF and physical line of sight and Fresnel zone clearance
- Beamwidths
- Passive gain
- Polarization
- Antenna diversity types
- Radio chains
Explain and apply the functionality of RF antennas, antenna systems, and accessories available - Omni-directional antennas
- Semi-directional antennas
- Highly directional antennas
- Reading Azimuth and Elevation charts for different antenna types
- Antenna orientation
- RF cables and connectors
- Lightning arrestors and grounding rods/wires
- Enclosures, mounting and aesthetic concerns

WLAN Regulations and Standards - 20%

Explain the roles of WLAN and networking industry organizations - IEEE
- Wi-Fi Alliance
- Regulatory domains and agencies
Explain and apply the various Physical Layer (PHY) solutions of the IEEE 802.11-2020 standard and amendments including supported channel widths, spatial streams, and data rates - DSSS – 802.11
- HR-DSSS – 802.11b
- OFDM – 802.11a
- ERP – 802.11g
- Wi-Fi 4 - HT – 802.11n
- Wi-Fi 5 - VHT – 802.11ac
- Wi-Fi 6 - HE - 802.11ax (2.4 and 5 GHz)
- Wi-Fi 6E - HE - 802.11ax (6 GHz)
Understanding spread spectrum technologies, Modulation and Coding Schemes (MCS) - DSSS
- OFDMA and Resource Units
- QAM (16, 64, 256,1024)
Identify and apply 802.11 WLAN functional concepts - Primary channels
- Adjacent overlapping and non-overlapping channels
- Throughput vs. data rate
- Bandwidth
- Guard Interval
Describe the OSI and TCP/IP model layers affected by the 802.11-2020 standard and amendments  
Identify and comply with regulatory domain requirements and constraints - Frequency bands used by the 802.11 PHYs
- Available channels
- Regulatory power constraints
- Indoor, outdoor deployments and implementation variants
- Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS)
- Transmit Power Control (TPC)
Explain basic use case scenarios for 802.11 wireless networks - Wireless LAN (WLAN) – BSS and ESS
- Wireless bridging
- Wireless Peer to peer solutions
- Wireless Mesh

WLAN Protocols and Devices - 20%

Describe the components and functions that make up an 802.11 wireless service set - Stations (STAs)
- Basic Service Set (BSS) (Infrastructure mode)
- Extended Service Set (ESS)
- Distribution System (DS)
- Distribution System Media (DSM)
Define terminology related to the 802.11 MAC and PHY - MSDU, MPDU, PSDU, and PPDU
- PHY preamble and header
Identify and explain the MAC frame format - MAC frame format
- MAC addressing
Identify and explain the purpose of the three main 802.11 frame types - Management
- Control
- Data
Explain the process used to locate and connect to a WLAN - Scanning (active and passive)
- 802.11 Authentication
- 802.11 Open System Authentication
- 802.11 Association
- BSS selection
- Connecting to hidden SSIDs
Explain 802.11 channel access methods - DCF
- CTS-to-Self
- Interframe spaces (SIFS, DIFS, EIFS, AIFS)
- Physical carrier sense and virtual carrier sense
Explain 802.11 MAC operations - Roaming
- Power save modes and frame buffering
- Protection mechanisms
Describe features of, select, and install WLAN devices, control, and management systems - Access Points (APs)
- WLAN controllers
- Wireless network management systems
- Wireless bridge and mesh APs
- Client devices

WLAN Network Architecture and Design Concepts - 15%

Describe and implement Power over Ethernet (PoE) - Power Source Equipment
- Powered Device
- Midspan and endpoint PSEs
- Power classes to include power differences between PSE and PD
- Power budgets and powered port density
Define and describe differences, advantages and constraints of the different wireless LAN architectures - Centralized data forwarding
- Distributed data forwarding
- Control, Management and Data planes
- Scalability and availability solutions
- Tunneling, QoS and VLANs
Describe basic design considerations for common deployment scenarios in wireless such as coverage requirements, roaming considerations and throughput. - Design considerations for data, voice and video
- Design considerations for specific applications such as location services, high density and guest access/BYOD
- Design considerations for supporting legacy 802.11 devices
Demonstrate awareness of common proprietary features in wireless networks. - AirTime Fairness
- Band steering
- Dynamic power and channel management features
- Internal Wireless architecture communication
Determine and configure required network services supporting the wireless network - DHCP for client addressing, AP addressing and/or controller discovery
- DNS for address resolution for clients and APs
- Time synchronization protocols (e.g. NTP, SNTP)
- VLANs for segmentation
- Authentication services (e.g. RADIUS, LDAP)
- Access Control Lists for segmentation
- Wired network capacity requirements

WLAN Network Security - 10%

Identify weak security options that should not be used in enterprise WLANs - WEP
- 802.11 Shared Key authentication
- SSID hiding as a security mechanism
- MAC filtering
- Use of deprecated security methods (e.g. WPA and/or WPA2 with TKIP)
Identify and configure effective security mechanisms for enterprise WLANs - Application of AES for encryption and integrity
- WPA2-Personal including limitations and best practices for pre-shared (PSK) use
- WPA2-Enterprise -configuring wireless networks to use 802.1X including connecting to RADIUS servers and appropriate EAP methods
Understand basic concepts of WPA3 and Opportunistic Wireless Encryption (OWE) and enhancements over WPA2 - Understand basic security enhancements in WPA3 vs. WPA2
- Understand basic security enhancements of encryption and integrity in WPA3
- Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE) in WPA3 as an enhancement for legacy pre-shared key technology
- Opportunistic Wireless Encryption (OWE) for public and guest networks
Describe common security options and tools used in wireless networks - Access control solutions
- Protected management frames
- Fast Secure Roaming methods
- Wireless Intrusion Prevention System (WIPS) and/or rogue AP detection
- Protocol and spectrum analyzers
- Best practices in secure management protocols

RF Validation and WLAN remediation - 10%

Verify and document that design requirements are met including coverage, throughput, roaming, and connectivity with a post-implementation validation survey.  
Locate and identify sources of RF interference - Identify RF disruption from 802.11 wireless devices including contention vs. interference and causes/sources of both including co-channel contention (CCC), overlapping channels, and 802.11 wireless device proximity.
- Identify sources of RF interference from non-802.11 wireless devices based on the investigation of airtime and frequency utilization
- Understand interference mitigation options including removal of interference source or change of wireless channel usage
Perform application testing to validate WLAN performance - Network and service availability
- VoIP testing
- Real-time application testing
- Throughput testing
Understand and use the basic features of validation tools - Use of throughput testers for validation tasks
- Use of wireless validation software (survey software and wireless scanners)
- Use of protocol analyzers for validation tasks
- Use of spectrum analyzers for validation tasks
Describe and apply common troubleshooting tools used in WLANs - Use of protocol analyzers for troubleshooting tasks
- Use of spectrum analyzers for identifying sources of interference
- Use of management, monitoring, and logging systems for troubleshooting tasks
- Use of wireless LAN scanners for troubleshooting tasks
Identify and troubleshoot common wireless issues - Identify causes of insufficient throughput in the wireless distribution system including LAN port speed/duplex misconfigurations, insufficient PoE budget, and insufficient Internet or WAN bandwidth
- Identify and solve RF interference using spectrum analyzers
- Identify wireless performance issues using SNR, retransmissions, and airtime utilization statistics
- Identify causes of wireless issues related to network services including DHCP, DNS, and time protocols including using native interface and IP configuration tools
- Identify wireless issues related to security configuration mismatches
- Identify hidden node issues

CWNP CWNA Exam Description:

The CWNA certification is a foundational level wireless LAN certification for the CWNP Program. To earn a CWNA certification, you must take the CWNA exam at a Pearson Vue Testing Center and pass with a 70% or higher. Instructors must pass with a 80% or higher. However you choose to prepare for the CWNA exam, you should start with the exam objectives, which cover the full list of skills tested on the exam.

Rating: 4.8 / 5 (117 votes)